UM Organic Community Garden


- 1284 County Road 10, Montevallo, AL 35115 -

University of Montevallo Organic Community Garden

- Rutabagas -


Planting Rutabagas and Growing Tips

Radish in garden

The radish is a cool-weather crop. Sow radishes in the garden 2 to 3 weeks before average date of the last frost in spring. Sow succession crops every 2 weeks in spring and in autumn. Radishes require 22 to 70 days to come to harvest. Complete the harvest before the weather grows warm. In mild winter regions, grow radishes in late autumn and early winter.

Description. The radish is a hardy cool-weather annual. Radish roots can be globe shaped or long and tapered. Roots can be white, red, or black colored. Radishes form a rosette of lobed leaves on stems rising from the root.

Yield. Plant 15 radishes per household member each month.

Site. Grow radishes in full sun or partial shade. Plant radishes in loose, well-drained soil. Remove soil lumps, rocks, and roots from radish planting beds. Obstructions can cause roots to grow malformed. Add organic matter to planting beds before sowing radishes. Radishes prefer a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8.

Planting time. Radishes are a cool-weather crop. Sow radishes in the garden 2 to 3 weeks before average date of the last frost in spring. Sow succession crops every 2 weeks in spring and in autumn. Two or more crops can be grown in spring. Radishes require 22 to 70 days to come to harvest. Complete the harvest before the weather grows warm. Warm weather can result in small roots. Long days may also cause radishes to flower; plant radishes during the shorter days of spring and autumn. In mild winter regions, grow radishes in late autumn and early winter. Radishes can withstand frost.

Planting and spacing. Sow radish seed ½ inch deep and 1 inch apart; thin successful seedlings from 1 to 4 inches apart in wide rows depending upon the variety. Allow greater room for winter varieties. Space single rows or mounded ridges 10 to 16 inches apart.

Water and feeding. Keep radish planting beds moist but not wet. Even, regular watering will result in quick growth. Radishes that receive too little water will become woody tasting. Prepare planting beds with aged compost. Side dress radishes with aged compost at midseason.

Companion plants. Cucumbers, lettuce, nasturtiums, peas, peppers.

Care. Radishes will bolt or go to seed if grown during the long days of summer. Cover plants in midsummer so that they get 8 rather than 12 hours of sunlight. Keep radishes evenly watered so that they grow quickly. Slow growth will cause radishes to taste hot.

Container growing. Radishes can be grown in containers. Sow radishes in containers at least 6 inches deep. Plant radishes in round containers in concentric circles. Move containers to cool locations if the weather grows warm.

Pests. Radishes can be attacked by aphids and root maggots. Pinch out infested foliage. Usually radishes grow so quickly that pests are not a problem.

Diseases. Radishes have no serious disease problems.

Harvest. Spring radishes require 20 to 30 days to reach harvest. Winter radishes require 50 to 60 days to reach harvest. Radishes are ready for harvest when roots reach 1 inch across. Lift the whole plant when radishes are the right size. Lift a few or push the soil aside gently to decide if they are large enough to harvest. Do not leave radishes in the ground too long or they will become pithy.

Varieties. Radishes can be grown for spring or winter crops. Spring varieties are the common small red varieties. Winter radishes are larger, oblong and can grow 8 to 9 inches long. Spring crop: Cherry Belle (22 days); Burpee White (25 days). Winter crop: Black Spanish (55 days); White Chinese (60 days).

Storing and preserving. Radishes will keep in the refrigerator for 1 to 2 weeks. You can sprout radish seeds.

Common name. Radish

Botanical name. Raphanus sativus (spring radish); Raphanus sativus longipinnatus (winter radish)

Origin. Temperate regions of Asia

Rutabagas are just known as rutabagas within the U.S. Through the entire world, they are referred to as swedes. This particular regular root veggie is believed to have originated from Bohemia within the 17th hundred years like a hybrid between the turnip as well as wild cabbage. Rutabagas are members of the cabbage family known as “cruciferous vegetables”. These types of veggies (just like broccoli, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts) have got nutrition which may be cancer-fighting as well as great for your overall health.

Rutabaga is really a bulbous root vegetable which bears a similarity to turnip, yet originated a lot more lately compared to turnip. It really is thought that rutabaga is really a crossbreed of the wild cabbage as well as turnip. This particular delicious root vegetable is also known as Swede or even Swedish turnip or yellow turnip and is also well-known because of its fragile fairly sweet taste and light freshness of turnips as well as cabbages. Rutabaga is similar to the turnip, however it could be little fleshier when compared with turnip. The flesh and also the skin of Rutabaga are yellowish in color. The crown of the bulbous vegetable sports a purple touch as well as ridges. Rutabaga is extremely packed with numerous essential nutrition and offers several health advantages. The leaves of rutabaga may also be thought to be nutritious and therefore are used for consumption.

Health Benefits of Rutabaga

Rutabagas, occasionally known as yellow turnips, give rise to your veggie intake for the entire day, which can be between 2 and 3 cups, in accordance with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The plant, a mixture of a turnip along with a cabbage, originated from Russia however grows through the entire United States. Rutabagas provide health benefits because of their important nutrient content. Listed here are some health advantages of rutabaga:

1. Cancer Prevention

Rutabaga is really a cruciferous veggie. It includes phytochemicals which eliminate carcinogens through the body as well as assist the liver process harmful toxins. One particular compound, glucosinolate, may possibly prevent the development of cancerous tumors. Rutabaga can also be a excellent method of obtaining anti-oxidants, that really help avoid free radical injury to our cells and DNA.

2. High in Antioxidants

A single serving of rutabaga offers over 50% the DV of vitamin C. Vitamin C is really a effective anti-oxidant recognized to raise the defense mechanisms and stop sickness as well as illness. Like the majority of cruciferous veggies, rutabaga also includes carotenoids, which really help promote anti-oxidant activity.

3. Digestive Health

Rutabaga is an excellent method to obtain fiber which will help retain the human body’s digestive tract. In accordance with some investigation, the glucosinolates present in rutabaga may also be helpful in the stomach process bacteria just like Helicobacter pylori and give rise to the creation of bile.

4. High in Fiber

A single serving of rutabaga provides about 12% the DV of fiber. Fiber is important to colon health, digestion and maintaining a proper metabolic process.

5. High in Potassium

One serving of rutabaga provides about 6% the DV of potassium. Potassium assists encourage bone strength, helps with energy production as well as supports heart health and a proper metabolism.

6. Weight Loss

Low calorie, nutrient rich foods are balanced inclusions in efficient weight loss diet plans. High fiber foods additionally offer the metabolism and assist manage bodyweight.

7. High in Zinc

Rutabagas provide a resource of zinc, an important mineral which forms a main element of a variety of enzymes. The mineral tends to make up zinc finger motifs, specific domains throughout numerous proteins which help strengthen each protein’s overall structure and help support its activity. A protein that contains zinc lead to your defense mechanisms function as well as metabolism, plus they will protect you from physical stress. Every 1-cup serving of rutabaga offers 0.48 milligram of zinc, 6 % of the RDI for ladies or 4 % for guys, in accordance with the Linus Pauling Institute.

8. Asthma

Rutabaga is abundant with vitamins C which help to reduce wheezing in asthma patients. Insufficient vitamin C within the body leads to scurvy that triggers easy discoloration. The chance of easy bruising is additionally decreased by consuming rutabaga on a regular basis.

9. Constipation

Frequent usage of rutabaga works well for dealing with the difficulties of bowel problems however it may cause unwanted gas.

10. Lower the risk of heart stroke

Rutabaga is excellent method of obtaining potassium that assists to reduce the chance of heart stroke. Potassium is additionally useful in controlling the blood pressure level as well as water level of the entire body.

Other benefits:

More about Rutabaga

The rutabaga is extremely like the turnip with the exception that it usually has got yellow-colored flesh along with a much more thick tap root with increased side shoots. They’re usually collected in a bigger bulb size. In contrast to the turnip, the rutabaga has smooth, wax-like leaves.

History of Rutabaga

No-one can say when the DNA of the turnip merged with that of a wild cabbage, however the rutabaga was initially obtained in Europe throughout the Middle Ages and also was ultimately used as both human as well as animal food. Sweden was obviously a considerable earlier European supplier of rutabaga, and so the name “swede”. Ultimately, the rutabaga arrived at England and after that, in 1541, to Canada. Through the earlier 1800s, rutabaga crops were typical within the northern United States.

The rutabaga was, and it’s still, related to poverty as well as starvation, although it grew as well as prospered within British royal gardens within the mid-seventeenth century. In England throughout and after World War II, citizens trusted rutabaga to fill their stomachs whilst a lot of foods were rationed. Right now in England, it really is uncertain that the young generation discovers how to prepare a rutabaga.

Types of Rutabaga

There are several types of Rutabaga all-around the world. Some Well-known varieties are posted below

1. American Purple Top Rutabaga

American Purple Top Rutabaga

American Purple Top” rutabaga is definitely wrongly identified as the “Purple Top” turnip, as both have a definite purple top. The rutabaga includes a yellow or even cream-colored bottom, whilst the turnip’s bottom is white-colored. “American Purple Top” rutabagas usually are firm as well as fairly sweet and switch an abundant orange whenever cooked properly. This particular rutabaga creates huge, well-shaped roots as well as matures in around 3 months. This kind of rutabaga a store well and is also great for winter season storage. “American Purple Top” self-seeds readily and can generate new seedlings early in the year, if permitted to go to seed within the garden.

2. Joan Rutabaga

Joan Rutabaga

“Joan” creates standard spherical roots along with purple tops. This particular rutabaga is nice as well as mild whenever young, yet taste is boosted as soon as the first frost. Maturation within 4 months, this particular rutabaga can be useful for fall cropping.

3. Laurentian Rutabaga

Laurentian Rutabaga

“Laurentian,” a stylish rutabaga creates moderate to tiny roots which vary in dimensions from Four to six inches in diameter. The root is cream colored having a red top. Numerous choose this particular rutabaga because of its smaller size, appealing coloring as well as gentle taste. “Laurentian” develops in 100 days and also maintains well within root cellars or even cool storage areas. It self-seeds easily within the garden.

4. Marian Rutabaga

Marian Rutabaga

“Marian” rutabagas create huge, yellow-colored roots along with purple tops and may even mature to 8 inches across. They fully developed in 85 to 95 days, causing them to be a good option for late summer as well as earlier fall harvest. “Marian” rutabagas keep well within a root cellar as well as maintain their taste for approximately 4 months in storage.

5. Heirloom and Gourmet Rutabaga

 Heirloom and Gourmet Rutabaga

“Champion A Collet Rouge” and also “Collet Vert” both are prized because of their exceptional taste. “Champion A Collet Rouge” includes a purplish-red top having a yellow bottom and it has a fragile, fairly sweet taste preferred for frying or even roasting. “Collet Vert” creates yellow flesh having a green top and is also preferred for gourmet cooking because of its physical appearance as well as abundant taste.

Nutritional Value of Rutabaga

Amount of Rutabaga (cubed): 1 cup

Total Weight of Rutabaga (cubed): 170 g

Nutrients Amount
Basic Components  
Ash 1.5 g
Protein 2.2 g
Water 151 g
Calories From Carbohydrate 57.1
Calories From Fat 3.1
Calories From Protein 6.1
Total Calories 66.3
Dietary Fiber 3.1 g
Sugars 10.2 g
Total Carbohydrate 14.9 g
Fats & Fatty Acids  
Polyunsaturated Fat 0.2 g
Total Fat 0.4 g
Total Omega-3 Fatty Acids 96.9 mg
Total Omega-6 Fatty Acids 64.6 mg
Choline 25.8 mg
Folate 25.5 mcg
Niacin 1.2 mg
Pantothenic Acid 0.3 mg
Riboflavin 0.1 mg
Thiamin 0.1 mg
Vitamin A 3.4 IU
Vitamin B6 0.2 mg
Vitamin C 32 mg
Vitamin E 0.5 mg
Vitamin K 0.5 mcg
Calcium 81.6 mg
Copper 0.1 mg
Iron 0.9 mg
Magnesium 39.1 mg
Manganese 0.3 mg
Phosphorus 95.2 mg
Potassium 554 mg
Selenium 1.2 mcg
Sodium 34 mg
Zinc 0.6 mg

Buying & Storing Facts

Preparation Tips

Rutabagas could be consumed raw, yet big ones could have a powerful taste. Put rutabagas within boiling water for around 5 minutes just before baking, braising or even stir-frying. To help keep a gentle taste, take care not to overcook. Rutabagas combine effectively along with other root veggies. Combine along with carrots, potatoes, as well as turnips to create a healthy veggie stew. The wax as well as skin of rutabagas should be peeled just before cooking. A sharp paring knife is preferable to a veggie peeler. Quarter rutabagas for simpler peeling.

1. Baking/Roasting

Put ¼ inch-thick slices of rutabaga in the shallow baking dish. Spread with some tablespoons of water. Cover as well as bake in the 350°F oven till soft. Sliced onions could be layered using the rutabagas for more taste. Quartered rutabagas could be roasted alongside meat or even poultry. Cooking time is actually 50 to 60 minutes.

2. Stir-frying

Stir-fry very finely sliced up rutabagas till they start to crisp. Cooking time is actually 6 to 7 minutes.

3. Boiling

Drop whole or even sliced a rutabaga within a pot of boiling water. Cover as well as cook till just soft. Uncover pot throughout cooking to permit gases to get away. This will make the rutabaga have got a much better taste. Cooking time for whole rutabagas is 25 to 35 minutes. Cooking time for sliced up ones is 7 to 10 minutes.

4. Braising

Put sliced or even cubed rutabagas in the heavy skillet. Include sufficient soup to cover the base of the pan. Cover as well as cook till soft. Cooking time is usually 15 to 20 minutes.

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